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Phosphorylase kinase contain 4 calcium ion binding site.
Hormones, nerve impulses and muscle contraction stimulate the release of calcium ions; the allosteric activator, calcium ions bind to the beta subunits of the enzymes and partly activiate the enzyme activities.
Hormones also stimulate the phosphorylation of Protein Kinase A, which catalyse the phosphorylation of sigma subunits on the phosphorylase kinases; the phosphorylation partly activate the activities of the enzymes.
The phosphorylase kinase is competely activated when the beta subunit is calcium-ion-bound and the sigma subunit is phosphorylated at the same time.
- EC 18.104.22.168
- Phosphorylase+kinase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Overview at ox.ac.uk
- Nadeau O, Gogol E, Carlson G (2005). "Cryoelectron microscopy reveals new features in the three-dimensional structure of phosphorylase kinase". Protein Sci. 14 (4): 914–20. PMID 15741332.
- Brushia R, Walsh D (1999). "Phosphorylase kinase: the complexity of its regulation is reflected in the complexity of its structure". Front Biosci. 4: D618–41. PMID 10487978.