Obesity hypoventilation syndrome classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Classification

Two subtypes are recognized. The first is OHS in the context of obstructive sleep apnea; this is confirmed by the occurrence of 5 or more episodes of apnea, hypopnea or respiratory-related arousals per hour (high apnea-hypopnea index) during sleep. The second is OHS primarily due to "sleep hypoventilation syndrome"; this requires a rise of CO2 levels by 10 mmHg (1.3 kPa) after sleep compared to awake measurements and overnight drops in oxygen levels without simultaneous apnea or hypopnea. In many patients, both phenomena are present.

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