|Muscles of the neck. Anterior view. Mylohyoid muscle in purple|
|Front view of neck. (Mylohyoideus labeled at right, second from top.)|
|Gray's||subject #112 393|
|Origin||Mylohyoid line (mandible)|
|Artery:||mylohyoid branch of inferior alveolar artery|
|Nerve:||mylohyoid nerve, from inferior alveolar branch of mandibular nerve [V3]|
|Action:||Raises oral cavity floor, elevates hyoid, depresses mandible|
The mylohyoid muscle is flat and triangular, and is situated immediately above the anterior belly of the digastric muscle. It forms, with its fellow of the opposite side, a muscular floor for the cavity of the mouth.
It arises from the whole length of the mylohyoid line of the mandible, extending from the symphysis in front to the last molar tooth behind. The posterior fibers pass medialward and slightly downward, to be inserted into the body of the hyoid bone. It thus belongs to the suprahyoid muscles.
The middle and anterior fibers are inserted into a median fibrous raphé extending from the symphysis menti to the hyoid bone, where they joint at an angle with the fibers of the opposite muscle. This median raphé is sometimes absent; the fibers of the two muscles are then continuous.
It may be united to or replaced by the anterior belly of the digastric muscle; accessory slips to other hyoid muscles are frequent.
- LUC myl
- -1456144304 at GPnotebook
- Mylohyoid+muscle at eMedicine Dictionary
- Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, at Elsevier 25420.000-1
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.