Mastalgia overview

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Govindavarjhulla, M.B.B.S. [2]

Overview

Mastalgia is usually a benign disorder in young women due to hormonal imbalance during their menstrual cycle. During a menstrual cycle the breasts swell and become lumpy and tender. During a period, the breasts reabsorb the extra fluid inside instead of discharging it, causing breast pain. A breast exam and a breast ultrasound should be performed to make sure nothing is hidden.

Classification

Breast pain can be categorized into 2 main clinical patterns, cyclical and non cyclical.

Treatment

Prevention

There is not really any way to prevent most breast pain, but wearing a well-fitting bra for support may help.

References


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