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|Molar mass||62.30 g/mol|
|Solubility in other solvents||0.076 g/l|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Refractive index at 500 nm: no = 1.37397, ne = 1.3916.
Magnesium fluoride is transparent over an extremely wide range of wavelengths. Windows, lenses, and prisms made of this material can be used over the entire range of wavelengths from 0.120 μm vacuum (ultraviolet) to 8.0 μm (infrared). Good structure synthetic VUV grade MgF2 is quite expensive, in the region of $3000/kg (2007) but the real cost of optics in this material is due to relatively low volume manufacture. However, with lithium fluoride it is one of the two materials that will transmit in the vacuum ultraviolet range at 121nm (Lyman alpha )and this is where it finds its application. Poor grade (cheaper) MgF2 is sometimes used in the infrared but here it is inferior to calcium fluoride. As an infrared optical material, it was sometimes known by the Eastman Kodak trademark Irtran-1 but this term is quite obsolete. MgF2 is tough and works and polishes well, but it is slightly birefringent and should be cut with the optic axis perpendicular to the plane of the window or lens.
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- A java applet showing the effect of MgF2 on a lens
- Infrared windows at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
- National Pollutant Inventory - Fluoride and compounds fact sheet