List of sequence alignment software

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This list of sequence alignment software is a compilation of software tools and web portals used in pairwise sequence alignment and multiple sequence alignment. See structural alignment software for structural alignment of proteins.

Database search only

Name Description Sequence Type* Link
FASTA k-tuple local search Both EBI GenomeNet PIR (protein only)
BLAST k-tuple local search (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) Both NCBI EBI GenomeNet PIR (protein only)
SSEARCH Smith-Waterman search (more sensitive than FASTA) Both server
HMMer Hidden Markov profile search Protein/DNA download (S. Eddy)
SAM Hidden Markov profile search Protein/DNA SAM (K. Karplus, A. Krogh)
Combinatorial Extension Structural alignment search Protein server
IDF Inverse Document Frequency Both Download
*Sequence Type: Protein or nucleotide

Pairwise alignment

Name Description Sequence Type* Alignment Type** Link Author Year
BLASTZ Seeded pattern-matching Nucleotide Local download Schwartz et al. 2003
DNADot Web-based dot-plot tool Nucleotide Global server R. Bowen 1998
DOTLET Java-based dot-plot tool Both Global applet M. Pagni and T. Junier 1998
JAligner Open source Java implementation of Smith-Waterman Both Local JWS A. Moustafa 2005
LALIGN Local similarity (same algorithm as SIM) Both Local (default) or global server B. Pearson 1991 (algorithm)
matcher Memory-optimized needleman but slow dynamic programming (based on LALIGN) Both Local server I. Longden (modified from B. Pearson) 1999
MCALIGN2 explicit models of indel evolution DNA Global server J. Wang et al. 2006
MUMmer Suffix-Tree based Nucleotide Global download S. Kurtz et al. 2004
needle Needleman-Wunsch dynamic programming Both Global server A. Bleasby 1999
Ngila logarithmic and affine gap costs and explicit models of indel evolution Both Global download R. Cartwright 2007
PatternHunter Seeded pattern-matching Nucleotide Local download B. Ma et al. 2002-2004
ProbA (also propA) Stochastic partition function sampling via dynamic programming Both Global download U. Mückstein 2002
PyMOL "align" command aligns sequence & applies it to structure Protein Global (by selection) site W. L. DeLano 2007
REPuter Suffix-Tree based Nucleotide Local download S. Kurtz et al. 2001
SEQALN Various dynamic programming Both Local or Global server M.S. Waterman and P. Hardy 1996
SIM, GAP, NAP, LAP Local similarity with varying gap treatments Both Local or global server X. Huang and W. Miller 1990-6
SIM Local similarity Both Local servers X. Huang and W. Miller 1991
SLIM Search Ultra-fast blocked alignment Both Both site L. Bloksberg 2004
stretcher Memory-optimized but slow dynamic programming Both Global server I. Longden (modified from G. Myers and W. Miller) 1999
tranalign Aligns nucleic acid sequences given a protein alignment Nucleotide NA server G. Williams (modified from B. Pearson) 2002
water Smith-Waterman dynamic programming Both Local server A. Bleasby 1999
wordmatch k-tuple pairwise match Both NA server I. Longden 1998
YASS Seeded pattern-matching Nucleotide Local server download L. Noe and G. Kucherov 2003-2006
BioPerl dpAlign dynamic programming Both Both + Ends-free site Y. M. Chan 2003
*Sequence Type: Protein or nucleotide. **Alignment Type: Local or global

Multiple sequence alignment

Name Description Sequence Type* Alignment Type** Link Author Year
ABA A-Bruijn alignment Protein Global download B.Raphaelet al. 2004
ClustalW Progressive alignment Both Local or Global EBI PBIL EMBNet GenomeNet Thompson et al. 1994
AMAP Sequence annealing Both Global server A. Schwartz and L. Pachter 2006
CodonCode Aligner Multi alignment; ClustalW & Phrap support Nucleotides Local or Global download P. Richterich et al. 2003 (latest version 2007)
BAli-Phy Tree+Multi alignment ; Probabilistic/Bayesian ; Joint Estimation Both Global WWW+download BD Redelings and MA Suchard 2005 (latest version 2007)
DNA Baser Multi alignment Both Local or Global + Post processing DNA Baser (commercial) M. Gabriel released 2005
Ed'Nimbus Seeded filtration Nucleotides Local server P. Peterlongo et al. 2006
Geneious Progressive/Iterative alignment; ClustalW plugin Both Local or Global download A.J. Drummond et al. 2005 / 2006
CHAOS/DIALIGN Iterative alignment Both Local (preferred) server M. Brudno and B. Morgenstern 2003
Kalign Progressive alignment Both Global serverEBI MPItoolkit T. Lassmann 2005
PRRN/PRRP Iterative alignment (especially refinement) Protein Local or Global PRRP PRRN Y. Totoki (based on O. Gotoh) 1991 and later
POA Partial order/hidden Markov model Protein Local or Global download C. Lee 2002
MSA Dynamic programming Both Local or Global download D.J. Lipman et al. 1989 (modified 1995)
SAM Hidden Markov model Protein Local or Global server A. Krogh et al. 1994 (most recent version 2002)
ProbCons Probabilistic/consistency Protein Local or Global server C. Do et al. 2005
MULTALIN Dynamic programming/clustering Both Local or Global server F. Corpet 1988
MAVID Progressive alignment Both Global server N. Bray and L. Pachter 2004
Multi-LAGAN Progressive dynamic programming alignment Both Global server M. Brudno et al. 2003
MUSCLE Progressive/iterative alignment Both Local or Global server R. Edgar 2004
MAFFT Progressive/iterative alignment Both Local or Global GenomeNet MAFFT K. Katoh et al. 2005
PSAlign Alignment preserving non-heuristic Both Local or Global download S.H. Sze, Y. Lu, Q. Yang. 2006
SAGA Sequence alignment by genetic algorithm Protein Local or Global download C. Notredame et al. 1996 (new version 1998)
T-Coffee More sensitive progressive alignment Both Local or Global server C. Notredame et al. 2000
RevTrans Combines DNA and Protein alignment, by back translating the protein alignment to DNA. DNA/Protein (special) Local or Global server Wernersson and Pedersen 2003 (newest version 2005)
*Sequence Type: Protein or nucleotide. **Alignment Type: Local or global

Genomics analysis

Name Description Sequence Type* Link
SLAM Gene finding, alignment, annotation (human-mouse homology identification) Nucleotide server
Mauve Multiple alignment of rearranged genomes Nucleotide download
MGA Multiple Genome Aligner Nucleotide download
Mulan Local multiple alignments of genome-length sequences Nucleotide server
Sequerome Profiling sequence alignment data with major servers/services Nucleotide/peptide [1]
AVID Pairwise global alignment with whole genomes Nucleotide server
SIBsim4 / Sim4 A program designed to align an expressed DNA sequence with a genomic sequence, allowing for introns Nucleotide download
Shuffle-LAGAN Pairwise glocal alignment of completed genome regions Nucleotide server
ACT (Artemis Comparison Tool) Synteny and comparative genomics Nucleotide server
*Sequence Type: Protein or nucleotide



Motif finding

Name Description Sequence Type* Link
MEME/MAST Motif discovery and search Both server
BLOCKS Ungapped motif identification from BLOCKS database Both server
eMOTIF Extraction and identification of shorter motifs Both servers
Gibbs motif sampler Stochastic motif extraction by statistical likelihood Both server (one of many implementations)
TEIRESIAS Motif extraction and database search Both server
PRATT Pattern generation for use with ScanProsite Protein server
ScanProsite Motif database search tool Protein server
PHI-Blast Motif search and alignment tool Both server
I-sites Local structure motif library Protein server
*Sequence Type: Protein or nucleotide



Benchmarking

Name Link Authors
BAliBASE download Thompson, Plewniak, Poch
Prefab download Edgar

External links


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