Leg pain

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Leg pain Microchapters

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Overview

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Pathophysiology

Epidemiology & Demographics

Risk Factors

Causes of Leg pain

Differentiating Leg pain from other Symptoms

Natural History, Complications & Prognosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Govindavarjhulla, M.B.B.S. [2], Raviteja Guddeti, M.B.B.S. [3]

Overview

Leg pain is a common non-specific symptom that often has a musculoskeletal, metabolic or drug side effect basis.

Causes

Common Causes


Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Aortoiliac occlusive disease, Cholesterol Emboli Syndrome, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Thrombophlebitis, Varicose veins
Chemical / poisoning No underlying causes
Dermatologic Behcet's disease
Drug Side Effect Abatacept Injection, Acebutolol, Acitretin, Aldesleukin, Alendronate, Allopurinol, Amikacin Sulfate Injection, Anagrelide, Anastrozole, Aripiprazole, Atazanavir, Atenolol, Atorvastatin, Bevacizumab Injection, Bortezomib, Buspirone, Capecitabine, Celecoxib, Celiac disease, Clofarabine Injection, Clonazepam, Clopidogrel, Cortisol, Darbepoetin Alfa, Docetaxel, Epoetin Alfa Injection, Ethacrynic Acid, Etidronate, Ezetimibe, Fenofibrate, Filgrastim, Fluvastatin, Gabapentin, Galantamine, Glatiramer Injection, Ibandronate, Iloprost, Imatinib, Infliximab Injection, Interferon Alfa-2a and Alfa-2b Injection, Interferon Alfacon-1 Injection, Interferon beta-1a Intramuscular Injection, Interferon Beta-1b Injection, Interferon Gamma-1b Injection, Lamivudine, Latanoprost, Leflunomide, Letrozole, Leuprolide, Lovastatin, Methimazole, Methylergonovine, Methylprednisolone, Mifepristone, Natalizumab injection , Ofloxacin , Paclitaxel, Peginterferon alfa-2a, Prednisone, Pyrazinamide, Quinupristin dalfopristin, Ribavirin, Rofecoxib, Rosiglitazone, Rosuvastatin, Sunitinib , Tadalafil , Tamsulosin , Telbivudine , Temozolomide , Terbutaline, Teriparatide, Tiotropium, Torsemide, Valganciclovir, Valsartan, Vancomycin, Vinblastine, Vincristine, Zalcitabine, Ziprasidone, Zolmitriptan, Zolpidem,
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine Hyperparathyroidism, Primary hyperparathyroidism
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Ulcerative colitis
Genetic Fairbanks disease, Familial Mediterranean fever, Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Hereditary multiple exostoses, Recessive multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, Farber disease
Hematologic Erdheim-Chester disease, Leukemia, Lymphangiomatosis, Multiple myeloma, Phlebitis, Phlegmasia cerulea dolens, Thrombocytosis, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Acute myeloid leukemia, Acute promyelocytic leukemia, Cholesterol Embolism
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease

Bacterial : Cellulitis, Q Fever, Lassa Fever, Lemierre's Syndrome, Leptospirosis

Viral : Parvovirus B19, Poliomyelitis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Coxsackie B,

Musculoskeletal / Ortho Athlete's foot, Baker's cyst, Bone tumor, Buerger's disease, Chondroblastoma, Chondromalacia patellae, Chondrosarcoma, Gout, Hereditary multiple exostoses, Ledderhose's disease, Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome, Morton's toe, Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Myositis ossificans, Osteochondrosis, Paget's disease of bone, Pes anserinus, Pigmented villonodular synovitis, Prepatellar bursitis, Recessive multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, Retropatellar Pain Syndrome, Sciatica, Synovial osteochondromatosis, Tenosynovitis, Erythromelagia, Ewing's sarcoma, Giant cell tumor of bone, Osteoporosis, Still's disease, Fairbanks disease, Osteogenesis imperfecta
Neurologic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Anterior spinal artery syndrome, Erythromelagia, Meralgia paraesthetica, Peripheral Neuropathy, Restless Leg Syndrome
Nutritional / Metabolic Acute Intermittent Porphyria, Farber disease, Glycogen storage disease type V, Hypercalcemia, Mucopolysaccharidosis, Osteomalacia
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Acute myeloid leukemia, Acute promyelocytic leukemia, Ewing's sarcoma, Giant cell tumor of bone, Osteochondroma, Osteoma, Osteosarcoma, Leukemia, Lymphangiomatosis, Chondroblastoma, Chondrosarcoma
Opthalmologic Behect's disease
Overdose / Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric Pain disorder
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal / Electrolyte Hypercalcemia, Hypocalcemia, Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia
Rheum / Immune / Allergy

Rheumatology : Ankylosing Spondylitis, Behcet's disease, Caplan's Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Rheumatoid arthritis, Still's disease, Gout

Immunology : Systemic lupus erythematosus, Ulcerative colitis, Vasculitis, Graft-versus-host disease, Familial Mediterranean fever

Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma No underlying causes
Urologic No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Phantom pain

Causes in Alphabetical Order



[1][2]

References

  1. Sailer,Christian,Wasner,Susanne.DifferentialDiagnosisPocket.HermosaBeach,CA:BormBruckmeirPublishingLLC,2002:77ISBN1591032016
  2. Kahan,Scott,Smith,EllenG.InAPage:SignsandSymptoms.Malden,Massachusetts:BlackwellPublishing,2004:68ISBN140510368X

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