Infraorbital artery

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Artery: Infraorbital artery
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Plan of branches of internal maxillary artery. (Infraorbital at far right.)
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Left orbicularis oculi, seen from behind. (Infraorbital labeled at lower left.)
Latin a. infraorbitalis
Gray's subject #144 562
Source maxillary artery   
Branches orbital branches
anterior superior alveolar arteries
Dorlands
/ Elsevier
    
a_61/12154622

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


The infraorbital artery is an artery in the head that runs in the maxilla, emerging just under the orbit of the eye.

Course

The infraorbital artery appears, from its direction, to be the continuation of the trunk of the maxillary artery, but often arises in conjunction with the posterior superior alveolar artery.

It runs along the infraorbital groove and canal with the infraorbital nerve, and emerges on the face through the infraorbital foramen, beneath the infraorbital head of the levator labii superioris muscle.

Branches

While in the canal, it gives off

On the face, some branches pass upward to the medial angle of the orbit and the lacrimal sac, anastomosing with the angular artery, a branch of the facial artery; others run toward the nose, anastomosing with the dorsal nasal branch of the ophthalmic artery; and others descend between the levator labii superioris and the levator anguli oris, and anastomose with the facial artery, transverse facial artery, and buccal artery.

The four remaining branches arise from that portion of the maxillary artery which is contained in the pterygopalatine fossa.

Additional images

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.



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