Gynecomastia history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Husnain Shaukat, M.D [2]

Overview

The hallmark symptom of gynecomastia is breast enlargement. The majority of patients with gynecomastia are asymptomatic. Pain is a common symptom in gynecomastia. Less common symptoms depend on the underlying cause.

History and Symptoms

History

Age of onset

Past Medical History

Social History

Common Symptoms

Common symptoms include:[4]

Less Common Symptoms

Less common symptoms of gynecomastia include:[4]

References

  1. Niewoehner CB, Schorer AE (2008). "Gynaecomastia and breast cancer in men". BMJ. 336 (7646): 709–13. doi:10.1136/bmj.39511.493391.BE. PMC 2276281. PMID 18369226.
  2. Braunstein GD (2007). "Clinical practice. Gynecomastia". N Engl J Med. 357 (12): 1229–37. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp070677. PMID 17881754.
  3. Narula HS, Carlson HE (2014). "Gynaecomastia--pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment". Nat Rev Endocrinol. 10 (11): 684–98. doi:10.1038/nrendo.2014.139. PMID 25112235.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 De Groot LJ, Chrousos G, Dungan K, Feingold KR, Grossman A, Hershman JM, Koch C, Korbonits M, McLachlan R, New M, Purnell J, Rebar R, Singer F, Vinik A, Swerdloff RS, Ng J. PMID 25905330. Vancouver style error: initials (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. Barros AC, Sampaio Mde C (2012). "Gynecomastia: physiopathology, evaluation and treatment". Sao Paulo Med J. 130 (3): 187–97. PMID 22790552.

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