Gynecomastia historical perspective

Jump to: navigation, search

Gynecomastia Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Gynecomastia from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic study of choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

Chest X Ray

CT

MRI

Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Gynecomastia historical perspective On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Gynecomastia historical perspective

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Gynecomastia historical perspective

CDC on Gynecomastia historical perspective

Gynecomastia historical perspective in the news

Blogs on Gynecomastia historical perspective

Directions to Hospitals Treating Gynecomastia

Risk calculators and risk factors for Gynecomastia historical perspective

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Husnain Shaukat, M.D [2]

Overview

Gynecomastia is derived from Greek words, "gyne" which means woman and "mastos" which means breast. The term was originally coined by Galen, a Greek physician. Gynecomastia has been a known concept since the days of Aristotle (384–322 BC). The surgical management was initially discussed by Paulus, a Greek physician and later modified by Al-Zahrawi or Albucasis, an Andalusian surgeon.

Historical Perspective

The most important historical events related to gynecomastia diagnosis and treatment include:[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

  • The term gynecomastia was coined by Galen (130–200 AD), a Greek physician who described gynecomastia as an abnormal increase in fat within the male breast.
  • Gynecomastia is derived from Greek words; "gyne" which means woman and "mastos" which means breast.
  • Gynecomastia has been a known concept since the days of Aristotle.
  • In the 7th century, there is some evidence of surgical treatment of gynecomastia by Paulus, a Greek physician. He is known for suggesting surgical treatment of gynecomastia for the first time in his Epitome of Medicine (Seven Books).
  • Haly Abbas later in the Islamic age described the surgical management of gynecomastia in his Kitab al-Maliki (The Royal Book). His work was based on that of Paulus of Aegina.
  • Al-Zahrawi or Albucasis, an Andalusian surgeon also provided the surgical treatment of gynecomastia after Paulus.
  • Four centuries later, Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu illustrated the surgical techniques for the management of gynecomastia. These techniques were based on the work by Paulus and Al-Zahrawi.
  • Al-Zahrawi's surgical management was thought to be based on those of Paulus. The modification of surgical approach and use of medicinal substances might be indicative of Al-Zahrawi's own practice of the procedure.
  • Al-Zahrawi's surgical management was practiced for many centuries.
  • The probable etiology of gynecomastia was not discussed by Paulus and Al-Zahrawi in their work. In current practice, surgery for gynecomastia is reserved after the underlying cause is treated or after the failure of medical treatment.
  • In the 18th century, Olpan, Schuchardt, and Gruber were among the prominent people who worked on gynecomastia.
  • In 1919, Dr. Helen Ingleby published two cases of gynecomastia.

References

  1. "Reorganized text". JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 141 (5): 428. 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.0540. PMID 25996397.
  2. Hosseini SF, Alakbarli F, Ghabili K, Shoja MM (2011). "Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042-1137 AD: ): Persian physician and jurist". Arch Gynecol Obstet. 284 (3): 647–50. doi:10.1007/s00404-010-1707-7. PMID 20931210.
  3. Chavoushi SH, Ghabili K, Kazemi A, Aslanabadi A, Babapour S, Ahmedli R; et al. (2012). "Surgery for Gynecomastia in the Islamic Golden Age: Al-Tasrif of Al-Zahrawi (936-1013 AD)". ISRN Surg. 2012: 934965. doi:10.5402/2012/934965. PMC 3459224. PMID 23050167.
  4. Papadakis M, Manios A, de Bree E, Trompoukis C, Tsiftsis DD (2010). "Gynaecomastia and scrotal rhacosis: two aesthetic surgical operations for men in Byzantine times". J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 63 (8): e600–4. doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2010.05.013. PMID 20538533.
  5. Annajjar J (2010). "Abu Alkasem Al Zehrawi (Albucasis 936-1013)". Childs Nerv Syst. 26 (7): 857–9. doi:10.1007/s00381-009-0912-9. PMID 19484247.
  6. Karsner HT (1946). "Gynecomastia". Am J Pathol. 22 (2): 235–315. PMC 1934190. PMID 19970865.
  7. Ingleby H (1919). "TWO CASES OF SO-CALLED GYNAECOMASTIA IN YOUNG BOYS". Br Med J. 2 (3072): 631–2. PMC 2343807. PMID 20769701.



Linked-in.jpg