Glutamate-5-semialdehyde dehydrogenase

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In enzymology, a glutamate-5-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde + phosphate + NADP+ L-glutamyl 5-phosphate + NADPH + H+

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde, phosphate, and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are L-glutamyl 5-phosphate, NADPH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-glutamate-5-semialdehyde:NADP+ 5-oxidoreductase (phosphorylating). Other names in common use include beta-glutamylphosphate reductase, gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase, beta-glutamylphosphate reductase, glutamate semialdehyde dehydrogenase, and glutamate-gamma-semialdehyde dehydrogenase. This enzyme participates in urea cycle and metabolism of amino groups.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1O20, 1VLU, and 2H5G.


  • IUBMB entry for
  • BRENDA references for (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for
  • PubMed Central references for
  • Google Scholar references for
  • Baich A (1971). "The biosynthesis of proline in Escherichia coli: phosphate-dependent glutamate -semialdehyde dehydrogenase (NADP), the second enzyme in the pathway". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 244: 129&ndash, 34. PMID 4399189.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 54596-29-1.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes