GMP synthase (glutamine—hydrolysing)

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GMP synthetase
(glutamine-hydrolyzing)
270px
GMP synthetase, human
Identifiers
EC number6.3.5.2
CAS number37318-71-1
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
GMP synthetase C terminal domain
File:PDB 1gpm EBI.jpg
escherichia coli gmp synthetase complexed with amp and pyrophosphate.[1]
Identifiers
SymbolGMP_synt_C
PfamPF00958
InterProIPR001674
PROSITEPDOC00405
SCOP1gpm
SUPERFAMILY1gpm
VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

n/a

n/a

RefSeq (protein)

n/a

n/a

Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

Guanosine monophosphate synthetase, (EC 6.3.5.2) also known as GMPS is an enzyme that converts xanthosine monophosphate to guanosine monophosphate.[2]

In the de novo synthesis of purine nucleotides, IMP is the branch point metabolite at which point the pathway diverges to the synthesis of either guanine or adenine nucleotides. In the guanine nucleotide pathway, there are 2 enzymes involved in converting IMP to GMP, namely IMP dehydrogenase (IMPD1), which catalyzes the oxidation of IMP to XMP, and GMP synthetase, which catalyzes the amination of XMP to GMP.[2]

Enzymology

In enzymology, a GMP synthetase (glutamine-hydrolysing) (EC 6.3.5.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + xanthosine 5'-phosphate + L-glutamine + H2O AMP + diphosphate + GMP + L-glutamate

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, xanthosine 5'-phosphate, L-glutamine, and H2O, whereas its 4 products are AMP, diphosphate, GMP, and L-glutamate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-nitrogen bonds carbon-nitrogen ligases with glutamine as amido-N-donor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is xanthosine-5'-phosphate:L-glutamine amido-ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include GMP synthetase (glutamine-hydrolysing), guanylate synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing), guanosine monophosphate synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing), xanthosine 5'-phosphate amidotransferase, and guanosine 5'-monophosphate synthetase. This enzyme participates in purine metabolism and glutamate metabolism. At least one compound, Psicofuranin is known to inhibit this enzyme.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 5 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1GPM, 1WL8, 2A9V, 2D7J, and 2DPL.

References

  1. Tesmer JJ, Klem TJ, Deras ML, Davisson VJ, Smith JL (January 1996). "The crystal structure of GMP synthetase reveals a novel catalytic triad and is a structural paradigm for two enzyme families". Nat. Struct. Biol. 3 (1): 74–86. doi:10.1038/nsb0196-74. PMID 8548458.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: GMPS guanine monphosphate synthetase".

Further reading

External links



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