Dorsal scapular artery

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Artery: Dorsal scapular artery
The scapular and circumflex arteries. (Dorsal scapular artery not labeled, but visible at left.)
Muscles connecting the upper extremity to the vertebral column. (Dorsal scapular artery not labeled, but region of muscles supplied is visible.)
Latin arteria dorsalis scapulae
Gray's subject #148
Supplies latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboids, trapezius
Source subclavian or transverse cervical   
Vein dorsal scapular vein
/ Elsevier

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

The dorsal scapular artery (or descending scapular artery[1]) is a blood vessel which supplies the latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboids, and trapezius.

It most frequently arises from the subclavian artery (the second or third part)[1], but a quarter of the time it arises from the transverse cervical artery.[2] In that case, the artery is also known as the deep branch of the transverse cervical artery.

It passes beneath the levator scapulae to the medial angle of the scapula, and then descends under the rhomboid muscles along the vertebral border of that bone as far as the inferior angle.

See also

Additional images


  1. 1.0 1.1 ii/s/scapular_artery_dorsal article at GE's Medcyclopaedia
  2. Reiner A, Kasser R (1996). "Relative frequency of a subclavian vs. a transverse cervical origin for the dorsal scapular artery in humans". Anat Rec. 244 (2): 265–8. PMID 8808401.

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.