Desert hedgehog (protein)

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VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human
desert hedgehog
Identifiers
SymbolDHH
Alt. symbolsHHG-3, MGC35145
Entrez50846
HUGO2865
OMIM605423
RefSeqNM_021044
UniProtO43323
Other data
LocusChr. 12 q13.1

Desert hedgehog, also Desert hedgehog homolog or Dhh, is a protein encoded by the DHH gene, and is a member of the hedgehog signaling pathway. The human homolog (DHH) is on chromosome band 12q13.1.[1][2] The protein encoded by this gene is involved in cell signaling. The several mammalian variants of the Drosophila hedgehog gene (which was the first named) have been named after the various species of hedgehog; the desert hedgehog is honored by this one. The gene is not specific to desert hedgehogs.

Function

This gene encodes a member of the hedgehog family. The hedgehog gene family encodes signaling molecules that play an important role in regulating morphogenesis. This protein is predicted to be made as a precursor that is autocatalytically cleaved; the N-terminal portion is soluble and contains the signalling activity while the C-terminal portion is involved in precursor processing. More importantly, the C-terminal product covalently attaches a cholesterol moiety to the N-terminal product, restricting the N-terminal product to the cell surface and preventing it from freely diffusing throughout the organism. Defects in this protein have been associated with partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) accompanied by minifascicular polyneuropathy. This protein may be involved in both male gonadal differentiation and perineurial development.[3]

Clinical Significance

Defects in this protein have been associated with partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) accompanied by minifascicular polyneuropathy. This protein may be involved in both male gonadal differentiation and perineurial development.[3]

References

  1. Kamisago M, Kimura M, Furutani Y, Furutani M, Takao A, Momma K, Matsuoka R (1999). "Assignment of human desert hedgehog gene (DHH) to chromosome band 12q13.1 by in situ hybridization". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 87 (1–2): 117–8. doi:10.1159/000015376. PMID 10640830.
  2. Tate G, Satoh H, Endo Y, Mitsuya T (2000). "Assignment of desert hedgehog (DHH) to human chromosome bands 12q12→q13.1 by in situ hybridization". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 88 (1–2): 93–4. doi:10.1159/000015495. PMID 10773676.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: desert hedgehog homolog (Drosophila)".

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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