Crus of diaphragm
|Crus of diaphragm|
|The diaphragm. Under surface. (Left crus and right crus are at bottom center.)|
|Deep and superficial dissection of the lumbar plexus. (Rt. crus of diaph. labeled vertically at center.)|
|Latin||crus sinistrum diaphragmatis, crus dextrum diaphragmatis|
|Gray's||subject #117 405|
- The right crus, larger and longer than the left, arises from the anterior surfaces of the bodies and intervertebral fibrocartilages of the upper three lumbar vertebrae.
- The left crus arises from the corresponding parts of the upper two lumbar vertebrae only.
The medial tendinous margins of the crura pass anteriorly and medialward, and meet in the middle line to form an arch across the front of the aorta known as the median arcuate ligament; this arch is often poorly defined. The area behind this arch is known as the aortic hiatus.
From this series of origins the fibers of the diaphragm converge to be inserted into the central tendon.
The fibers arising from the xiphoid process are very short, and occasionally aponeurotic; those from the medial and lateral lumbocostal arches, and more especially those from the ribs and their cartilages, are longer, and describe marked curves as they ascend and converge to their insertion. The fibers of the crura diverge as they ascend, the most lateral being directed upward and lateralward to the central tendon.
The medial fibers of the right crus ascend on the left side of the esophageal hiatus, and occasionally a fasciculus of the left crus crosses the aorta and runs obliquely through the fibers of the right crus toward the vena caval foramen.
- SUNY Figs 40:04-16 - "The abdominal surface of the diaphragm."
- c_64/12268381 at Dorland's Medical Dictionary - left crus of diaphragm
- c_64/12268085 at Dorland's Medical Dictionary - right crus of diaphragm
- left+crus+of+diaphragm at eMedicine Dictionary
- right+crus+of+diaphragm at eMedicine Dictionary
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.