Camphene

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Camphene
Camphene
Chemical name 2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-
bicyclo[2.2.1.]heptane
Chemical formula C10H16
Molecular mass 136.24 g/mol
CAS number [79-92-5]
Density 0.842 g/cm3
Melting point 51-52 °C
Boiling point 159 °C
SMILES CC1(C)C(C2CCC1C2)=C
Disclaimer and references

Camphene is bicyclic monoterpene. It is nearly insoluble in water, but well soluble in common organic solvents. It volatilizes readily at room temperature and has a pungent smell. It is a minor constituent of many essential oils such as turpentine, cypress oil, camphor oil, citronella oil, neroli, ginger oil, and valerian. It is produced industrially by catalytic isomerization of the more common alpha-pinene. Camphene is used in the preparation of fragrances and as a food additive for flavoring. Its mid-19th century use as a fuel for lamps was limited by its explosiveness.


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