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RefSeq (mRNA)



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Calsenilin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNIP3 gene.[1][2][3]


This gene encodes a member of the family of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel-interacting proteins, which belong to the neuronal calcium sensor family of proteins.[4][5] Members of this family are small calcium binding proteins containing EF-hand-like domains. They are integral subunit components of native Kv4 channel complexes that may regulate A-type currents, and hence neuronal excitability, in response to changes in intracellular calcium. The encoded protein also functions as a calcium-regulated transcriptional repressor, and interacts with presenilins. In addition, the protein has been shown to transcriptionally repress A20 (TNFAIP3) expression and thus modulate the anti-inflammatory signaling.[6] Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described.[3]


Calsenilin has been shown to interact with PSEN1[1][7] and PSEN2.[1][8]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Buxbaum JD, Choi EK, Luo Y, Lilliehook C, Crowley AC, Merriam DE, Wasco W (October 1998). "Calsenilin: a calcium-binding protein that interacts with the presenilins and regulates the levels of a presenilin fragment". Nat Med. 4 (10): 1177–81. doi:10.1038/2673. PMID 9771752.
  2. Carrión AM, Link WA, Ledo F, Mellström B, Naranjo JR (March 1999). "DREAM is a Ca2+-regulated transcriptional repressor". Nature. 398 (6722): 80–4. doi:10.1038/18044. PMID 10078534.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: KCNIP3 Kv channel interacting protein 3, calsenilin".
  4. Burgoyne RD (2007). "Neuronal Calcium Sensor Proteins: Generating Diversity in Neuronal Ca2+ Signalling". Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 8 (3): 182–193. doi:10.1038/nrn2093. PMC 1887812. PMID 17311005.
  5. Burgoyne RD, O'Callaghan DW, Hasdemir B, Haynes LP, Tepikin AV (2004). "Neuronal Ca2+-sensor proteins: multitalented regulators of neuronal function". Trends Neurosci. 27 (4): 203–9. doi:10.1016/j.tins.2004.01.010. PMID 15046879.
  6. Tiruppathi C, Soni D, Wang DM, et al. (March 2014). "The transcription factor DREAM represses A20 and mediates inflammation". Nat Immunol. 15 (3): 239–247. doi:10.1038/ni.2823. PMC 4005385. PMID 4005385.
  7. Kashiwa A, Yoshida H, Lee S, Paladino T, Liu Y, Chen Q, Dargusch R, Schubert D, Kimura H (July 2000). "Isolation and characterization of novel presenilin binding protein". J. Neurochem. 75 (1): 109–16. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.2000.0750109.x. PMID 10854253.
  8. Choi EK, Zaidi NF, Miller JS, Crowley AC, Merriam DE, Lilliehook C, Buxbaum JD, Wasco W (June 2001). "Calsenilin is a substrate for caspase-3 that preferentially interacts with the familial Alzheimer's disease-associated C-terminal fragment of presenilin 2". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (22): 19197–204. doi:10.1074/jbc.M008597200. PMID 11278424.

Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.