Bronchial artery

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Artery: Bronchial artery
Gray1032.png
Bronchial artery labeled at center left.
Latin rami bronchiales partis thoracicae aortae, arteriae bronchiales
Gray's subject #153 600
Supplies lungs
Source thoracic aorta   
Vein Bronchial veins
Dorlands
/ Elsevier
    
r_02/12689141

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]



In human anatomy, the bronchial arteries help supply the lungs with oxygenated blood. Although there is much variation, there are usually two bronchial arteries that run to the left lung, and one to the right lung.

Origin

The left bronchial arteries usually arise directly from the thoracic aorta.

The single right bronchial artery usually arises from one of the following:

Distribution to lung

The bronchial arteries supply blood to the bronchi and connective tissue of the lungs. They travel with and branch with the bronchi, ending about at the level of the repiratory bronchioles. They anastomose with the branches of the pulmonary arteries, and together, they supply the visceral pleura of the lung in the process.

Note that much of the blood supplied by the bronchial arteries is returned via the pulmonary veins rather than the bronchial veins.

Comparison with pulmonary arteries

It is easy to confuse the bronchial arteries with the pulmonary arteries, because they both supply the lungs with blood, but there are important differences:

pulmonary arteries supplies deoxygenated blood pumped from the right ventricle pulmonary circulation relatively large
bronchial arteries supplies oxygenated blood pumped from the left ventricle systemic circulation relatively small

Pathology

The bronchial arteries are typically enlarged and tortuous in chronic pulmonary thromboembolic hypertension.[1]

See also

References

  1. Kauczor H, Schwickert H, Mayer E, Schweden F, Schild H, Thelen M. "Spiral CT of bronchial arteries in chronic thromboembolism". J Comput Assist Tomogr. 18 (6): 855–61. PMID 7962789.

External links



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