|Name, Symbol, Number||bohrium, Bh, 107|
|Chemical series||transition metals|
|Group, Period, Block||7, 7, d|
|Standard atomic weight||(272) g·mol−1|
|Electron configuration||perhaps [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2|
(guess based on rhenium)
|Electrons per shell||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 13, 2|
|CAS registry number||54037-14-8|
Bohrium (pronounced /ˈbɔəriəm/), also called eka-rhenium, is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Bh and atomic number 107. It is a synthetic element whose most stable isotope, Bh-267, has a half-life of 22 seconds.
Although chemistry is difficult when half-lives are measured in seconds, chromatography techniques were able to provide some data that Bohrium behaves like a member of group 7 of the periodic table.
It was synthesized in 1976 by Soviet scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna, who produced isotope 261Bh with a half-life of 1-2 ms (later data gave a half life of around 10 ms). They did this by bombarding bismuth-204 with heavy nuclei of chromium-54.
In 1981 a German research team led by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Münzenberg at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (Institute for Heavy Ion Research) in Darmstadt were also able to confirm the Soviet team's results and produce bohrium, this time the longer-lived Bh-262.
There was an element naming controversy as to what the elements from 101 to 109 were to be called; thus IUPAC adopted unnilseptium (pronounced /ˌjuːn
ɪlˈsɛptiəm/, symbol Uns) as a temporary, systematic element name for this element. In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that element 107 be named bohrium.
While this conforms to the names of other elements honoring individuals, where only the surname is taken, it was opposed by many who were concerned that it could be confused with boron. Despite this, the name bohrium for element 107 was recognized internationally in 1997.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bohrium.|
- WebElements.com - Bohrium
- Apsidium - Bohrium
- Los Alamos National Laboratory - Bohrium
- Properties of BhO3Cl
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