Biogenic amine

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A biogenic amine is a biogenic substance with an amine group. Some prominent examples of biogenic amines include:

Physiological importance

There is a distinction between endogenous and exogenous biogenic amines. Endogenous amines are produced in many different tissues (for example: adrenaline in adrenal medulla or histamine in mast cells and liver). The amines are transmitted locally or via the blood system. The exogenous amines are directly absorbed from food in the intestine. Alcohol can increase the absorption rate. The monoamineoxidase (MAO) breaks down biogenic amines and prevents excessive resorption. MAOIs are also used as medications for the treatment of depression to prevent MAO from breaking down amines important for positive mood.

External links

de:Biogene Amine