Bone morphogenetic protein 15

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Bone morphogenetic protein 15 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BMP15 gene.[1][2] It's mainly involved in folliculogenesis.[3]

Structure and expression

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the TGF-β superfamily. It is a paracrine signaling molecule involved in oocyte and follicular development. Using Northern blot analysis, BMP15 has been shown to be exclusively expressed in the ovaries. It is thought that this protein may be involved in oocyte maturation and follicular development as a homodimer or by forming heterodimers with a related protein, Gdf9.[2]

Functions

The functions of BMP15 include:[3]

Defects in BMP15 are associated with primary ovarian insufficiency. BMP15may represent a biomarker of ovarian response to ovarian stimulation or oocyte quality.[3]

References

  1. Dube JL, Wang P, Elvin J, Lyons KM, Celeste AJ, Matzuk MM (Feb 1999). "The bone morphogenetic protein 15 gene is X-linked and expressed in oocytes". Mol Endocrinol. 12 (12): 1809–17. doi:10.1210/me.12.12.1809. PMID 9849956.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: BMP15 bone morphogenetic protein 15".
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Persani, L.; Rossetti, R.; Di Pasquale, E.; Cacciatore, C.; Fabre, S. (2014). "The fundamental role of bone morphogenetic protein 15 in ovarian function and its involvement in female fertility disorders". Human Reproduction Update. 20 (6): 869–883. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmu036. ISSN 1355-4786. PMID 24980253.

External links

Further reading

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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