Alloimmunity is a condition in which the body gains immunity, from another individual of the same species, against its own cells. Alloimmunity should not be confused with autoimmunity in which the body's immune system attacks its own cells without being provoked or influenced by substances or cells from another member of the same species.
Alloimmunity can occur
- in the recipient after transfusions of fluids such as blood or plasma.
- in the recipient after allografts (grafts).
- in the fetus after maternal antibodies have passed through the placenta into the fetus, as in haemolytic disease of the newborn and fetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia.
|This immunology article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|