ATF3

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-3 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the ATF3 gene.[1]

Function

Activating transcription factor 3 is a member of the mammalian activation transcription factor/cAMP responsive element-binding (CREB) protein family of transcription factors. Multiple transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. The longer isoform represses rather than activates transcription from promoters with ATF binding elements. The shorter isoform (deltaZip2) lacks the leucine zipper protein-dimerization motif and does not bind to DNA, and it stimulates transcription, it is presumed, by sequestering inhibitory co-factors away from the promoter. It is possible that alternative splicing of the ATF3 gene may be physiologically important in the regulation of target genes.[2]

Clinical significance

ATF-3 is induced upon physiological stress in various tissues.[3] It is also a marker of regeneration following injury of dorsal root ganglion neurons, as injured regenerating neurons activate this transcription factor. [4] Functional validation studies have shown that ATF3 can promote regeneration of peripheral neurons, but is not capable of promoting regeneration of central nervous system neurons. [5]

See also

Interactions

ATF3 has been shown to interact with:

References

  1. Chen BP, Liang G, Whelan J, Hai T (June 1994). "ATF3 and ATF3 delta Zip. Transcriptional repression versus activation by alternatively spliced isoforms". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 269 (22): 15819–26. PMID 7515060.
  2. "Entrez Gene: ATF3 activating transcription factor 3".
  3. Chen BP, Wolfgang CD, Hai T (March 1996). "Analysis of ATF3, a transcription factor induced by physiological stresses and modulated by gadd153/Chop10". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 16 (3): 1157–68. doi:10.1128/MCB.16.3.1157. PMC 231098. PMID 8622660.
  4. Lindå H, Sköld MK, Ochsmann T (2011). "Activating transcription factor 3, a useful marker for regenerative response after nerve root injury". Frontiers in Neurology. 2: 30. doi:10.3389/fneur.2011.00030. PMC 3099310. PMID 21629765.
  5. Mahar M, Cavalli V (June 2018). "Intrinsic mechanisms of neuronal axon regeneration". Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 19 (6): 323–337. doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0001-8. PMC 5987780. PMID 29666508.
  6. Pearson AG, Gray CW, Pearson JF, Greenwood JM, During MJ, Dragunow M (December 2003). "ATF3 enhances c-Jun-mediated neurite sprouting". Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research. 120 (1): 38–45. doi:10.1016/j.molbrainres.2003.09.014. PMID 14667575.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Chen BP, Wolfgang CD, Hai T (March 1996). "Analysis of ATF3, a transcription factor induced by physiological stresses and modulated by gadd153/Chop10". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 16 (3): 1157–68. doi:10.1128/MCB.16.3.1157. PMC 231098. PMID 8622660.
  8. Hai T, Curran T (May 1991). "Cross-family dimerization of transcription factors Fos/Jun and ATF/CREB alters DNA binding specificity". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 88 (9): 3720–4. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.9.3720. PMC 51524. PMID 1827203.
  9. Chu HM, Tan Y, Kobierski LA, Balsam LB, Comb MJ (January 1994). "Activating transcription factor-3 stimulates 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent gene expression". Molecular Endocrinology. 8 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1210/mend.8.1.8152431. PMID 8152431.
  10. Stelzl U, Worm U, Lalowski M, Haenig C, Brembeck FH, Goehler H, Stroedicke M, Zenkner M, Schoenherr A, Koeppen S, Timm J, Mintzlaff S, Abraham C, Bock N, Kietzmann S, Goedde A, Toksöz E, Droege A, Krobitsch S, Korn B, Birchmeier W, Lehrach H, Wanker EE (September 2005). "A human protein-protein interaction network: a resource for annotating the proteome". Cell. 122 (6): 957–68. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.08.029. PMID 16169070.
  11. Yan C, Wang H, Boyd DD (March 2002). "ATF3 represses 72-kDa type IV collagenase (MMP-2) expression by antagonizing p53-dependent trans-activation of the collagenase promoter". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (13): 10804–12. doi:10.1074/jbc.M112069200. PMID 11792711.
  12. Kang Y, Chen CR, Massagué J (April 2003). "A self-enabling TGFbeta response coupled to stress signaling: Smad engages stress response factor ATF3 for Id1 repression in epithelial cells". Molecular Cell. 11 (4): 915–26. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(03)00109-6. PMID 12718878.

Further reading

  • Hai TW, Liu F, Coukos WJ, Green MR (December 1989). "Transcription factor ATF cDNA clones: an extensive family of leucine zipper proteins able to selectively form DNA-binding heterodimers". Genes & Development. 3 (12B): 2083–90. doi:10.1101/gad.3.12b.2083. PMID 2516827.
  • Kaszubska W, Hooft van Huijsduijnen R, Ghersa P, DeRaemy-Schenk AM, Chen BP, Hai T, DeLamarter JF, Whelan J (November 1993). "Cyclic AMP-independent ATF family members interact with NF-kappa B and function in the activation of the E-selectin promoter in response to cytokines". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 13 (11): 7180–90. PMC 364779. PMID 7692236.
  • Chu HM, Tan Y, Kobierski LA, Balsam LB, Comb MJ (January 1994). "Activating transcription factor-3 stimulates 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent gene expression". Molecular Endocrinology. 8 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1210/mend.8.1.8152431. PMID 8152431.
  • Liang G, Wolfgang CD, Chen BP, Chen TH, Hai T (January 1996). "ATF3 gene. Genomic organization, promoter, and regulation". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271 (3): 1695–701. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.3.1695. PMID 8576171.
  • Chen BP, Wolfgang CD, Hai T (March 1996). "Analysis of ATF3, a transcription factor induced by physiological stresses and modulated by gadd153/Chop10". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 16 (3): 1157–68. doi:10.1128/MCB.16.3.1157. PMC 231098. PMID 8622660.
  • Hagmeyer BM, Duyndam MC, Angel P, de Groot RP, Verlaan M, Elfferich P, van der Eb A, Zantema A (March 1996). "Altered AP-1/ATF complexes in adenovirus-E1-transformed cells due to EIA-dependent induction of ATF3". Oncogene. 12 (5): 1025–32. PMID 8649793.
  • Allan AL, Albanese C, Pestell RG, LaMarre J (July 2001). "Activating transcription factor 3 induces DNA synthesis and expression of cyclin D1 in hepatocytes". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276 (29): 27272–80. doi:10.1074/jbc.M103196200. PMID 11375399.
  • Zhang C, Kawauchi J, Adachi MT, Hashimoto Y, Oshiro S, Aso T, Kitajima S (December 2001). "Activation of JNK and transcriptional repressor ATF3/LRF1 through the IRE1/TRAF2 pathway is implicated in human vascular endothelial cell death by homocysteine". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 289 (3): 718–24. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.6044. PMID 11726207.
  • Yan C, Wang H, Boyd DD (March 2002). "ATF3 represses 72-kDa type IV collagenase (MMP-2) expression by antagonizing p53-dependent trans-activation of the collagenase promoter". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (13): 10804–12. doi:10.1074/jbc.M112069200. PMID 11792711.
  • Shaheduzzaman S, Krishnan V, Petrovic A, Bittner M, Meltzer P, Trent J, Venkatesan S, Zeichner S (2002). "Effects of HIV-1 Nef on cellular gene expression profiles". Journal of Biomedical Science. 9 (1): 82–96. doi:10.1007/BF02256581. PMID 11810028.
  • Hashimoto Y, Zhang C, Kawauchi J, Imoto I, Adachi MT, Inazawa J, Amagasa T, Hai T, Kitajima S (June 2002). "An alternatively spliced isoform of transcriptional repressor ATF3 and its induction by stress stimuli". Nucleic Acids Research. 30 (11): 2398–406. doi:10.1093/nar/30.11.2398. PMC 117192. PMID 12034827.
  • Kawauchi J, Zhang C, Nobori K, Hashimoto Y, Adachi MT, Noda A, Sunamori M, Kitajima S (October 2002). "Transcriptional repressor activating transcription factor 3 protects human umbilical vein endothelial cells from tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced apoptosis through down-regulation of p53 transcription". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (41): 39025–34. doi:10.1074/jbc.M202974200. PMID 12161427.
  • Zhang C, Gao C, Kawauchi J, Hashimoto Y, Tsuchida N, Kitajima S (October 2002). "Transcriptional activation of the human stress-inducible transcriptional repressor ATF3 gene promoter by p53". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 297 (5): 1302–10. doi:10.1016/S0006-291X(02)02382-3. PMID 12372430.
  • Fan F, Jin S, Amundson SA, Tong T, Fan W, Zhao H, Zhu X, Mazzacurati L, Li X, Petrik KL, Fornace AJ, Rajasekaran B, Zhan Q (October 2002). "ATF3 induction following DNA damage is regulated by distinct signaling pathways and over-expression of ATF3 protein suppresses cells growth". Oncogene. 21 (49): 7488–96. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1205896. PMID 12386811.
  • Nobori K, Ito H, Tamamori-Adachi M, Adachi S, Ono Y, Kawauchi J, Kitajima S, Marumo F, Isobe M (October 2002). "ATF3 inhibits doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes: a novel cardioprotective role of ATF3". Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. 34 (10): 1387–97. doi:10.1006/jmcc.2002.2091. PMID 12392999.
  • Kang Y, Chen CR, Massagué J (April 2003). "A self-enabling TGFbeta response coupled to stress signaling: Smad engages stress response factor ATF3 for Id1 repression in epithelial cells". Molecular Cell. 11 (4): 915–26. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(03)00109-6. PMID 12718878.
  • Newman JR, Keating AE (June 2003). "Comprehensive identification of human bZIP interactions with coiled-coil arrays". Science. 300 (5628): 2097–101. doi:10.1126/science.1084648. PMID 12805554.
  • Kool J, Hamdi M, Cornelissen-Steijger P, van der Eb AJ, Terleth C, van Dam H (July 2003). "Induction of ATF3 by ionizing radiation is mediated via a signaling pathway that includes ATM, Nibrin1, stress-induced MAPkinases and ATF-2". Oncogene. 22 (27): 4235–42. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1206611. PMID 12833146.

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.


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