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RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



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Aldehyde dehydrogenase X, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALDH1B1 gene.[1][2]


This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenases family of proteins. Aldehyde dehydrogenase is the second enzyme of the major oxidative pathway of alcohol metabolism. This gene does not contain introns in the coding sequence. The variation of this locus may affect the development of alcohol-related problems.[2]

Model organisms

Model organisms have been used in the study of ALDH1B1 function. A conditional knockout mouse line called Aldh1b1tm2a(EUCOMM)Wtsi was generated at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.[3] Male and female animals underwent a standardized phenotypic screen[4] to determine the effects of deletion.[5][6][7][8] Additional screens performed: - In-depth immunological phenotyping[9] - in-depth bone and cartilage phenotyping[10]


  1. Hsu LC, Chang WC (Jul 1991). "Cloning and characterization of a new functional human aldehyde dehydrogenase gene". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 266 (19): 12257–65. PMID 2061311.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: ALDH1B1 aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family, member B1".
  3. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: high throughput characterisation of knockout mice". Acta Ophthalmologica. 88: 925–7. doi:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2010.4142.x.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium".
  5. Skarnes WC, Rosen B, West AP, Koutsourakis M, Bushell W, Iyer V, Mujica AO, Thomas M, Harrow J, Cox T, Jackson D, Severin J, Biggs P, Fu J, Nefedov M, de Jong PJ, Stewart AF, Bradley A (Jun 2011). "A conditional knockout resource for the genome-wide study of mouse gene function". Nature. 474 (7351): 337–42. doi:10.1038/nature10163. PMC 3572410. PMID 21677750.
  6. Dolgin E (Jun 2011). "Mouse library set to be knockout". Nature. 474 (7351): 262–3. doi:10.1038/474262a. PMID 21677718.
  7. Collins FS, Rossant J, Wurst W (Jan 2007). "A mouse for all reasons". Cell. 128 (1): 9–13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.12.018. PMID 17218247.
  8. White JK, Gerdin AK, Karp NA, Ryder E, Buljan M, Bussell JN, Salisbury J, Clare S, Ingham NJ, Podrini C, Houghton R, Estabel J, Bottomley JR, Melvin DG, Sunter D, Adams NC, Tannahill D, Logan DW, Macarthur DG, Flint J, Mahajan VB, Tsang SH, Smyth I, Watt FM, Skarnes WC, Dougan G, Adams DJ, Ramirez-Solis R, Bradley A, Steel KP (Jul 2013). "Genome-wide generation and systematic phenotyping of knockout mice reveals new roles for many genes". Cell. 154 (2): 452–64. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2013.06.022. PMC 3717207. PMID 23870131.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Infection and Immunity Immunophenotyping (3i) Consortium".
  10. 10.0 10.1 "OBCD Consortium".

External links

Further reading

  • Yoshida A (Aug 1992). "Molecular genetics of human aldehyde dehydrogenase". Pharmacogenetics. 2 (4): 139–47. doi:10.1097/00008571-199208000-00001. PMID 1306115.
  • Hiraoka LR, Hsu L, Hsieh CL (Jan 1995). "Assignment of ALDH3 to human chromosome 17p11.2 and ALDH5 to human chromosome 9p13". Genomics. 25 (1): 323–5. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(95)80150-K. PMID 7774944.
  • Stewart MJ, Malek K, Xiao Q, Dipple KM, Crabb DW (Jun 1995). "The novel aldehyde dehydrogenase gene, ALDH5, encodes an active aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 211 (1): 144–51. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1995.1789. PMID 7779080.
  • Maruyama K, Sugano S (Jan 1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides". Gene. 138 (1–2): 171–4. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(94)90802-8. PMID 8125298.
  • Sherman D, Davé V, Hsu LC, Peters TJ, Yoshida A (Nov 1993). "Diverse polymorphism within a short coding region of the human aldehyde dehydrogenase-5 (ALDH5) gene". Human Genetics. 92 (5): 477–80. doi:10.1007/BF00216454. PMID 8244338.
  • Stewart MJ, Malek K, Crabb DW (Feb 1996). "Distribution of messenger RNAs for aldehyde dehydrogenase 1, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, and aldehyde dehydrogenase 5 in human tissues". Journal of Investigative Medicine. 44 (2): 42–6. PMID 8689400.
  • Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, Suyama A, Sugano S (Oct 1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene. 200 (1–2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID 9373149.
  • Luo P, Wang A, Payne KJ, Peng H, Wang JG, Parrish YK, Rogerio JW, Triche TJ, He Q, Wu L (Oct 2007). "Intrinsic retinoic acid receptor alpha-cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase signaling involves coordination of the restricted proliferation and granulocytic differentiation of human hematopoietic stem cells". Stem Cells. 25 (10): 2628–37. doi:10.1634/stemcells.2007-0264. PMID 17628022.