AKR1C1

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Template:Infobox gene Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C1 also known as 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, and dihydrodiol dehydrogenase 1/2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AKR1C1 gene.[1][2]

This gene encodes a member of the aldo/keto reductase superfamily, which consists of more than 40 known enzymes and proteins. These enzymes catalyze the conversion of aldehydes and ketones to their corresponding alcohols by utilizing NADH and/or NADPH as cofactors. The enzymes display overlapping but distinct substrate specificity. This enzyme catalyzes the reduction of progesterone to the inactive form 20-alpha-hydroxy-progesterone. This gene shares high sequence identity with three other gene members, and is clustered with those three genes at chromosome 10p15-p14.[2]

References

  1. Ciaccio PJ, Tew KD (Jun 1994). "cDNA and deduced amino acid sequences of a human colon dihydrodiol dehydrogenase". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1186 (1-2): 129–32. PMID 8011662. doi:10.1016/0005-2728(94)90144-9. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: AKR1C1 aldo-keto reductase family 1, member C1 (dihydrodiol dehydrogenase 1; 20-alpha (3-alpha)-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase)". 

External links

Further reading

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