|Chemical structure of glycerate 3-phosphate|
|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
Glycerate 3-phosphate (GP) or 3-phosphoglycerate (3PG) is a biochemically significant 3-carbon molecule that is a metabolic intermediate in both glycolysis and the Calvin cycle. This chemical is often termed PGA when referring to the Calvin cycle. 3-phosphoglycerate is the resultant of the split of 6 carbon intermediate that is so unstable it splits instantly. And two 3-phosphoglycerate is produced for each molecule of CO2
In the Calvin cycle, two glycerate 3-phosphate molecules are reduced to form two molecules of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (PGAL). This is the first compound formed during the C3 or Calvin cycle. It is a reactive biomolecule which is easily reduced.
Amino acid synthesis
NADH + H+
NADH + H+
Reversible left-right reaction arrow with minor forward product(s) to top right and minor reverse substrate(s) from bottom right