3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase

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3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase
Identifiers
EC number1.1.1.31
CAS number9028-39-1
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
VALUE_ERROR (nil)
Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

n/a

n/a

RefSeq (protein)

n/a

n/a

Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

In enzymology, a 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.31) also known as β-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase or 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (HIBADH) is an enzyme[1] that in humans is encoded by the HIBADH gene.[2]

3-Hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase catalyzes the chemical reaction:

3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate + NAD+ 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate + NADH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate and NAD+, whereas its 3 products are 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate, NADH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate:NAD+ oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation.

Function

3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase is a tetrameric mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the NAD+-dependent, reversible oxidation of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, an intermediate of valine catabolism, to methylmalonate semialdehyde.[2]

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 5 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1WP4, 2CVZ, 2GF2, 2H78, and 2I9P.

References

  1. Robinson WG, Coon MJ (March 1957). "The purification and properties of beta-hydroxyisobutyric dehydrogenase". J. Biol. Chem. 225 (1): 511–21. PMID 13416257.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: HIBADH 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase".

External links

Further reading



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