1-Bromobutane

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1-Bromobutane
IUPAC name 1-Bromobutane
Other names Butyl bromide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
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Properties
C4H9Br
Molar mass 137.02 g/mol
Density 1.2686 g/cm³, liquid
Melting point
Boiling point
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

1-Bromobutane (CH3(CH2)2CH2Br) is a polar molecule. It is a colorless liquid that is insoluble in water, but soluble in ethanol and diethyl ether. As a primary alkyl halide, it is especially prone to SN2 type reactions. It is commonly used as an alkylating agent, or in combination with magnesium metal in dry ether (Grignard reagent) to form carbon-carbon bonds. It is also used to form other organometallic compounds, such as butyllithium.

References


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